Volume 5, Issue 6, November 2020, Page: 264-278
Characterization of Marketing and Management System of Indigenous Chicken Ecotypes in Awi Zone, Ethiopia
Andualem Yihun, Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
Manzoor Ahmed Kirmani, Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
Meseret Molla, Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture and Natural Resource, University of Gonder, Gonder, Ethiopia
Received: Oct. 23, 2020;       Accepted: Nov. 4, 2020;       Published: Nov. 19, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijae.20200506.15      View  11      Downloads  12
Abstract
The study was conducted in three districts of Awi zone in Amhara region, with the aim of managemental system of indigenous chicken ecotypes. Atotal of 180 households were participated in the interviews, which was conducted using a structured questionnaire. The most dominant chicken production system was a subsistence extensive system which is based on indigenous chickens with scavenging and supplementary feeding of home grown grains and household food refusals. In this study the Scavenging was the major feeding system in all districts. About 85%, 93.33% and 78.33% of the respondents in high-land, mid-land and low-land agro-ecologies practiced scavenging with supplementary feeds respectively. The age of cockerels at first mating and pullets at first egg laying were 5.21 months and 5.77 months, respectively. The results of the rankings had shown that diseases outbreaks mainly Newcastle (locally called wotetie) disease and together with predators were the major and economically important constraint for the existing chicken rearing system. In conclusion, there is diversity of indigenous chicken population and farmers’ preference of different traits that may invite to design community based selection criteria. And these were recommended in poultry breeding policy which focused on managemental system, selection, and trait preference should be designed.
Keywords
Indigenous, Flock Composition, Husbandry Practice, Selection, Trait Preference
To cite this article
Andualem Yihun, Manzoor Ahmed Kirmani, Meseret Molla, Characterization of Marketing and Management System of Indigenous Chicken Ecotypes in Awi Zone, Ethiopia, International Journal of Agricultural Economics. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2020, pp. 264-278. doi: 10.11648/j.ijae.20200506.15
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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